Ambiguous goals often characterize community-based change initiatives, thus planning for specific strategies towards achieving those goals are, more often than not, quite challenging. Hence, in planning, designing, implementing, and  devising good exit strategies for sustainability, programs need to be grounded on good theory. On the ground, reality is full of dynamics that every now and then may shape and re-shape specific activities to achieve the program goal and desired impact(s).

A good theory allows program managers to logically visualize sequences and address on-the-ground strategic monitoring & evaluation, documentation of learnings and act on those dynamics while at the same time not losing sight of resource constraints, including the idea of completing within given time frame. All these have compelling synergistic and holistic cause-and-effect or logical thought processes, which is also encapsulated in logical framework approach:

Goal–> Inputs —> Activities —> Outputs —> Outcomes —> Impact


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